Sunday, July 05, 2015

12 or 20 (second series) questions with Jónína Kirton

Jónína Kirton : A prairie born Métis/Icelandic poet and facilitator currently lives in the unceded territory of the Coast Salish people. She brings her experience as a graduate of the Simon Fraser University’s Writer’s Studio, as a sacred circle facilitator, and a student of Continuum, to her writing and teaching. She remains curious about memory and the many ways one can access it. She regularly seeks to open herself to her body and to what the ancestors have to offer. Her work has been featured in a number of anthologies and literary journals including, Ricepaper’s Asian/Aboriginal Issue, V6A: Writing from Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside, Other Tongues: Mixed Race Women Speak Out, Pagan Edge, First Nations Drum, Toronto Quarterly and Quills Canadian Poetry Magazine. Her first collection of poetry, page as bone ~ ink as blood, described as dark and delicate, was released in April 2015 with Talonbooks Visit her at www.joninakirton.wix.com/poet.

1 - How did your first book change your life? How does your most recent work compare to your previous? How does it feel different?
My first book, page as bone ~ ink as blood, was just released in March of this year. I have noticed that there is an empty space where the work of this book sat. I have a feeling of relief now that I am done with that challenging material (which was largely autobiographical). I wonder what is next but do not feel the need to rush this. I am currently living in the potent space of possibility as I wait for the next theme to present itself. 

With my more recent poetry I find that I am taking even more poetic licence and that I worry less about the elusive ‘truth’.  I trust where the pen takes me and that within my words is ‘a truth’, simply one of many versions. Losing the Fact Police and the You Can’t Say That Crowd left even more room for musings or imaginings that fall outside the dry details of any story I am trying to tell.    

2 - How did you come to poetry first, as opposed to, say, fiction or non-fiction?
I sometimes say that poetry choose me. When I applied to the Simon Fraser University’s Writer’s Studio in 2006 I was hoping for assistance with a memoir about a particular time in my life. Our applications were to include samples of poetry, fiction and non-fiction writing. At that point most of my poetry focused on unrequited love.  It is safe to say that it was often sappy and although it might have made good lyrics for a country music song it was certainly not good poetry.  I had not read much poetry either so imagine my surprise when I was selected for the poetry stream. But they were so right. I am extremely grateful that they saw the promise in my work and knew that I was a poet before I did.

3 - How long does it take to start any particular writing project? Does your writing initially come quickly, or is it a slow process? Do first drafts appear looking close to their final shape, or does your work come out of copious notes?
Writing can be a very long process for me. It took me seven years and many drafts to arrive at a completed manuscript for my book which in the end was a mere 80 pages. I recall first holding it in my hands and thinking “My god this is what seven years of work looks like. It is so small”. It was humbling to realize just how much writing is discarded as a manuscript takes shape.

I am not a prolific writer.  I tend to go through long periods of non-writing. There are the occasional gift poems. They come out intact but usually only after much contemplation of a particular theme. These are rare and often my favourites.  Most poems are hard-won works of diligent research on my chosen topic or theme. I will read books; spend time with my friend google, watch movies/videos, anything to spark thoughts on the subject. I am often contemplating more than one theme at a time and this sometimes brings poems that marry seemingly disparate things. Like many writers I always carry a small notebook and a tiny pen with me so that I can quickly jot down anything that floats across my mind as I grocery shop or attend meetings etc. When reading a book I always have post-it notes to flag things I want to return to and a larger notebook to write down quotes and various thoughts that arise. Sometimes as I make notes, lines for poems will come to me. So yes there is copious note taking. I am a little embarrassed to say that I have more than twenty journals full of notes and beginnings of poems sitting on my bookshelf that I have yet to fully transcribe. I do produce a lot of flotsam that needs to be ejected yet I cannot seem to part with those notebooks. Maybe I can still squeeze a poem or two out of them.

4 - Where does a poem usually begin for you? Are you an author of short pieces that end up combining into a larger project, or are you working on a "book" from the very beginning?
I have only written one book and as I mentioned earlier it took me seven years to bring it into the world. There were many versions of that book before it found its way towards the theme of death, desire and divination. While writing it I simply thought of it as a collection. The theme did not reveal itself until year six. 

5 - Are public readings part of or counter to your creative process? Are you the sort of writer who enjoys doing readings?
I would not say I enjoy doing readings but I really like being around other writers. I do them because I know how much I love to hear others read and I want to be a part of the literary community. I find attending readings can expand my vocabulary. If I hear a word that feels good in the mouth I will write it down. I benefit from hearing what other writers are working on and am intrigued by the things that inspired their pieces. I also find encouragement through their brave telling of their stories. The more creative they are in this telling the more I get from listening to their story weaving.

As for doing readings I am a shy person, one who never wanted to stand in front of a crowd. I prefer circles. Whenever I teach or offer workshops I use the circle format. I am much more comfortable with this type of setting which is rarely used for readings. To overcome some of my shyness I do practice with my webcam (fully clothed of course) so I can see and hear myself. I find this very helpful. And of course the more you do it, the easier it gets. 

6 - Do you have any theoretical concerns behind your writing? What kinds of questions are you trying to answer with your work? What do you even think the current questions are?
As someone who writes a lot of autobiographical poems there is of course questions around “whose story is it?” Is it ethical for me to share details of my life which cannot be told without revealing some deeply personal things about other people? There are no simple answers to this one so I do my best to not censor myself as I write and later tackle the ethical piece. In my book I included one piece, Mystery Man, to offset some of the more negative things I shared about my dad and our life together. I felt more comfortable offering the less savoury moments once I had included the other sides of him. 

To a large extent my writing is about identity. Where do I belong as a mixed race woman whose father was no doubt wounded by racist attitudes to those with Aboriginal blood? Who are my ancestors and how does their story intersect with mine? I still want to know more about the lives of my ancestors (including my parents). I feel that they live on within my body hence the name of my book, page as bone ~ ink as blood, which is a telling of their stories as much as it is a telling of my story. There are also a few pieces about other young women that I could relate to. One such piece, Lucidity, is about a young First Nations woman that had a psychotic break in her early twenties.  She so reminded me of myself at that age and although I have never had a psychotic break I can certainly relate to the inner shattering that comes from having nowhere in life that is safe. I can also relate to how so many men want to rescue you only to get close enough to move in for a taste of your flesh. While she was in hospital I often thought she may have done better with culturally sensitive care. Was she having a psychotic break or a spiritual awakening that the hospital staff was not equipped to help her with? With this piece came the question “whose story is it?” In this case I did get her permission to share the poem and her story in my book. But I did not ask for permission from my father to tell our story. It is impossible to tell my story without including him and he would never have granted permission. This fact may disturb some people but one of the questions I explore throughout the book is how to break free of the oppressive nature of a harsh childhood, of a patriarchal world that values men more than women, and white more than non-white. We need many voices to overcome the powerful incentives to stay silent and to allow the status quo to continue. I am simply one mixed-race woman joining my voice with others who are speaking to issues of race, of gender and who gets to tell the stories in families and extended communities. 

7 – What do you see the current role of the writer being in larger culture? Does s/he even have one? What do you think the role of the writer should be?
I don’t feel that there is any one way a writer “should be”. I love diversity. There is room for us all. Having said that, when I began writing I had hoped to be the female version of Rumi; that my writing would be inspirational but what kept coming was very dark. I soon realized that despite my many years of spiritual seeking I was to tell my story, to speak the truth of my experiences as the only daughter in a mixed-race patriarchal family where the curse of internalized racism was strong. I had to let go of the idea of being spiritual or inspirational and what followed was magical. I discovered a whole other way of being and writing. One that was more genuine and honest. I became increasingly comfortable with the dark and delicate words that kept coming.

I believe that there is no doubt that writing can be a vehicle for change. Storytelling has always been one of the most powerful ways to teach. It has saved my life; first as a child when I read Anne Frank. Reading of her challenges and resilience gave me hope that I could do the same. Reading Nancy Drew I dreamt of a better life, one in which I was the heroine. The ability to dream, which is essential to creating a life, can be fueled by storytelling.  

8 - Do you find the process of working with an outside editor difficult or essential (or both)?
I have found it challenging at time. Just ask my husband who is always my first reader. I also feel it is essential to get feedback. I have been very fortunate to work closely with Betsy Warland. With each editing suggestion I learned more about writing poetry. That kind of one-on-one attention is invaluable but too many opinions can leave one feeling jostled. It is important to protect your voice, to know when to say this does not work for me. Our resistance may be warranted but how to know this is an ongoing question. 

While working on my manuscript I went through a number of editing sessions with a variety of editors. I did feel myself becoming unsteady at certain points. It was a little like having someone pick you up by your feet to empty the contents of your pockets. At times I was too attached to what I had written and once the shaking was done I would want to go back and pick up some of those pieces. But when I did, at times I was surprised to find that they no longer seemed to work and I often I had no idea how to fix it. What the changes needed was some breathing room. A little like a fine wine, when first opened it can taste bad but after having time to breath the released flavour is quite marvelous. My editor, Greg Gibson of Talon Books, was very patient with me around this.

9 - What is the best piece of advice you've heard (not necessarily given to you directly)?
Betsy Warland reminded me often to trust my readers. I had a tendency to want to explain things at times or wrap things up with neat and tidy endings that did the work for the reader. She encouraged me regularly to allow the reader to do this for themselves. ….. 

10 - How easy has it been for you to move between genres (poetry to memoir)? What do you see as the appeal?
I find prose so much more difficult to write. It is as if poetry is my first language and prose is my second. There is so much more effort involved with prose. That is unless it is quirky lyric prose. Think Ikea commercials… must be the Icelander in me.

The appeal of poetry is the freedom from the restrictions of sentence structure, commas etc. I like to use white space, line breaks instead of commas and periods. I am quite visual so to have the opportunity to work with the look of the piece as well as the words is very satisfying. I enjoy the use of metaphor to offer visceral experiences, to say things that cannot be said any other way. The challenge of being concise excites me. Every word is important in any writing but somehow more important in poetry. With poetry I can feel the influence of call and response chants and ceremony/prayer in my words. When writing poetry something takes over. Call it the Muse, the Creator or the Great Mystery. I cannot limit it by labelling it or claiming to even understand it but I am sure that all who write know when they are in what might be called “the zone”. Ninety percent of the time when I am there what presents itself is poetry.

11 - What kind of writing routine do you tend to keep, or do you even have one? How does a typical day (for you) begin?
My favorite way to wake up is with a cup of coffee or soy latte in bed with a good book.  Sometimes my husband who is an early riser will deliver my coffee or latte to me and on those days we have a morning chat which often involves talking about writing. He too is a poet. Too frequently Facebook and emails eat up time that should be spent writing. My best writing days are when I get my own coffee and I sit down at the computer, do not open emails or look at Facebook. On those days I do not eat or shower before 2 pm or so. No one can talk to me or I lose the thread I am following and I might as well shower then get out for a walk or run some errands.

12 - When your writing gets stalled, where do you turn or return for (for lack of a better word) inspiration?
Over the past five years I have taken Ingrid Rose’s writing from the body many times as I find her techniques for priming the pump to be exactly what I need most often. A good book can also get me moving towards writing.

13 - What fragrance reminds you of home?

Nag Champa and patchouli remind me of my home as an adult. As a child I would have to say the smell of sweaty socks, hockey equipment, cigarettes and beer. I had three brothers hence the smell of sweaty socks. My father played hockey and often had friends over. These two worlds could not be further apart.

14 - David W. McFadden once said that books come from books, but are there any other forms that influence your work, whether nature, music, science or visual art?
I do love the language of science. There are so many beautiful ways that they explain the many wonders in the universe. I also practice something called Continuum. Some have called it a moving meditation but that is not quite it. It must be experienced. Ingrid Rose introduced me to this practice through her writing from the body workshops. I believe our body holds not only our memories but the memories of our ancestors. I regularly ask my body to share what it can with me and then do my best to transcribe what I have felt/heard.

15 - What other writers or writings are important for your work, or simply your life outside of your work?
There are a number of books that I read while writing my book. Each one has greatly influenced my writing and my life. Some of my favourites were God is Red by Vine Deloria Jr, The Alchemy of Illness by Kat Duff, When Women Were Birds by Terry Tempest Williams and Singing Home the Bones plus Love Medicine and One Song by Gregory Scofield. Each one is a great writer so I spent a lot of time contemplating not only the teachings they offered but also what was it that made their writing so rich.   

16 - What would you like to do that you haven't yet done?

I dream of going to Iceland and L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. Apparently, my Icelandic ancestors were among those that came to L’Anse aux Meadows around 1005. They had the first European born baby in North America but did not stay.  I want to do more research on my Icelandic ancestors and to feel the lands they inhabited. This may be my next writing project.

17 - If you could pick any other occupation to attempt, what would it be? Or, alternately, what do you think you would have ended up doing had you not been a writer?
I came to writing late in life and have done many things prior to becoming a writer. I have done much of what I desired to do. The one regret I have is not becoming a psychologist.

18 - What made you write, as opposed to doing something else?
It was an inner urging that got louder and louder. It demands my attention. In fact it has begun to squeeze out many other things that I also like to do.

19 - What was the last great book you read? What was the last great film?
I know there has been some controversy re The Orenda but I found it to be a remarkable book. Joseph Boyden is an incredible writer. I rarely read fiction but I could not put that book down. No movies come to mind but a few TV shows do. I have so enjoyed series like Deadwood, Justified and Outlander. Great writing and brilliant actors have made these shows something I looked forward to as I watched them.

20 - What are you currently working on?

Not sure yet…

12 or 20 (second series) questions;

Friday, July 03, 2015

the week we went all over Toronto;

For the sake of Christine's work, we were the entire last week in Toronto, which meant Rose and I wandering for the sake of wandering, and visiting as many people as possible, from our hotel on Jarvis, right across from Allen Gardens. We drove in on Sunday, and starting Monday, Christine would disappear every morning just before 9am. Our days usually involved leaving the hotel first thing, ending up back around noon for lunch and nap, and out again by 2pm for another few hours (which meant we were most often crashed by 5pm). We were in visiting mode: a variety of folk I had been wanting to see for some time, all of whom I would have pre-baby not gone to see for the sake of work. Work! Work! Work! It gets in the way, sometimes.

Before this trip, all I'd known of Allen Gardens before this was from Lynn Crosbie, the poem "Alphabet City" from her selected poems, Queen Rat (Anansi, 1998), that includes:

We walked to Allan Gardens, and disagreed some more. Daniel's writing
is economical and pure, I said. I thought he gave up after writing poetry,
he said. He said some other things, and I didn’t see him again. I did not tell
him that the last time I saw Daniel he told me he had spoken in his sleep.
He said: I hate lyrical poetry:
Monday, June 22, 2015: We began our day heading east on the Dundas Streetcar towards the Danforth area, visiting poet Hoa Nguyen over at the house she shares with Dale Smith and their two sons. She made us smoothies (which Rose refused to touch), and I envied their garden. Apparently they were hosting a reading on Friday night in their living room, but there was no way we could make it (Christine and I read there moons back, when we were just pregnant enough to know, but not enough to start admitting). We gossiped about more than a couple of folk (including a particularly cranky American poet we both know), and Rose tore her way through much of the house (discovering some toys in one of the upstairs bedrooms). We talked about poems, and the speed one begins to write once the distraction of children appear. Everything takes so much longer to attempt, if at all. We spoke of the workshops she's been doing lately, both in person and online (check her website for information; they are pretty cool).

In both directions, the streetcar showed us a part of the city I hadn't really known about (including a very cool train station on Dundas East converted into bicycle rental), and Rose fell asleep on the ride home (see photo of such, above).

The afternoon included some time across the street from our hotel (where I discovered both playground, and the fact that we were at Allen Gardens). Rose took some time to chase some of the pigeons before allowing herself to enjoy the small playground. Brand new, it would seem, the playground, and even labelled for children from 2 to 6; impressive! The sky was clear marble blue. From Gardens, we made our way north to visit father-in-law, way up at Yonge and Shepard, where Christine met us for dinner.

And what was that industrial building behind the swings? Intrigued; wish I'd time to better explore.

Tuesday, June 23, 2015: We spent our morning at the offices of the Literary Press Group and LitDistCo (who distribute our Chaudiere titles) visiting everyone there, who were kind enough to gift the wee lass a colouring book, a storybook and various other items. We were even able to see poet Chris Chambers in his offices right next door, as part of Magazines Canada. Did you know he finally has a new book of poetry?

Post-nap, our afternoon took us west to the home of Sharon Harris and Stephen Cain. I can't believe it has actually been five years since I helped move them into that house. Rose laughed and laughed, and Sharon presented her with a full plate of blueberries (I'm surprised Rose left any for them).

I asked Sharon about the two manuscripts she's been working on, and found out that Cain has a new book forthcoming with BookThug. Cain also mentioned that Allen Gardens houses (somewhere) a plaque for Milton Acorn, which we couldn't quite find (I should have attempted to look it up, but never managed to remember). After her first few minutes of hesitation, Rose began pulling on Cain to walk through the house, the back yard and a variety of other places, over and over and over. Hand, she says, reaching up.

On the way back, Rose and I caught some buskers in the Yonge/Bloor subway playing a variety of music (she responds very much to music), including an accordian player who noticed her watching, and switched to performing some kids songs. Lovely!

In the hotel, Rose doing laps around the room even as late as 10pm. Our lack of usual routine on this trip has certainly worked to her advantage (if not ours). But oh, how she slept...

Wednesday, June 24, 2015: Our morning began, once again, at the playground at Allan Gardens before heading west once more for the sake of some book-purchase, and a lunch over at Future Bistro (the former Future Bakery) on Bloor West, right by Brunswick Avenue (see a post I wrote on such in 2010; and a poem composed there a year or so later). Impressively, she ate far more of the fruit than the home-fries. I've been going to Futures for twenty years now, as my usual go-to spot to spend a couple of Toronto hours writing and what-not. I might not have been able to get any work done, but Rose did sign a birthday card for her Gran'pa McLennan, and a variety of postcards for others.

Oh, how I miss Book City on Bloor West.

Later in the day, finding out an Ottawa friend of mine was, at the same time, right across the street having a lunch meeting at the old By The Way Cafe. How random is that?

She was asleep, of course, before we returned to our hotel.

Our post-nap visit went a bit north, over to where the incredibly patient Lola Lemire Tostevin lives, spending some time visiting with her and her husband, who generously presented Rose with some animal masks and a big book of stories, along with some paper to colour on. I was able to hand over her contributor copies of Touch the Donkey #6 weeks before it releases (mid-July), as well as a mound of other items I've been working on lately.

I think Rose was more worked-up than normal, and even I was beginning to wear down from her tearing around, and guiding her husband out to the garden multiple times (much the way she led Stephen Cain around), and into their front room. Rose only calmed once she and Lola began colouring.

We spoke of writing and publishing, and the madness of industry. Literary publishing, I've decided, is like a bumblebee; it just shouldn't fly, and yet does. She has a collection of essays forthcoming with Teksteditions this fall, which everyone should keep an eye out for.

On the way back to the hotel, a brass band performing at the corner of College and Yonge Street. I was thinking that Rose must think Toronto is magical, given all the buskers and live music she's been aware of. We never wander into the places such is played back at home.

Thursday, June 25, 2015: We began, once more, by heading west, but this time along Queen Street by streetcar, for the sake of Type Books. We were a bit early, only to discover a park and playground just by, at Trinity Bellwoods. Unlike the one near our house, this park was packed full of kids and parents and running around. She ran up the structures and ran across, but turned around (as per usual) at the top of the slide, for the sake of climbing back down the steps (she hates slides, for some reason).

Afterwards, we stopped briefly at the Japanese paper place that Christine likes, and made it finally into Type, where we saw that Derek McCormack was working. Did you know he has a book out this fall with Semiotext(e)? Extremely cool. Rose admired the books and the typewriters and the multiple ramps throughout the store. I picked up a book for her (after she had pulled down about a dozen or so from the shelves). Best I didn't get anything for myself, really. Not that she gave me much chance to look.

We had lunch at College Square with a Tim Hortons card Christine had passed along. Since they hadn't highchairs there, I sat her in a chair like a big girl. Later, a woman with her teenaged daughter in tow complimented us on our comfort with her in a big chair, given how small she is. She was fine. Much muffins were eaten (she won't eat the sandwiches).

Post-nap, we met up with Mark Goldstein right by our hotel (apparently he lives two blocks away, with bill bissett between us). We were nearly running late, so had to slip Rose into the ring sling while she still slept (after a two-hour nap). She woke in the hallway of our hotel, and wrote postcards at the coffeeshop while we waited. Given she was wiggly once he arrived, we return to Allen Gardens, where, of course, she immediately made friends with some kids on the bouncy-see-saw thing (of course). They were bouncing and laughing and letting go occasionally (wasn't sure what I thought of that). And the kids didn't mind; it actually gave Mark and I a chance to talk about various things, including poems, screenwriting and birth-mother stuff (he's been instrumental in talking me through some of my experiences over the past year or so). Did you know he's another book forthcoming with BookThug? Very nice. He is such good people (even though he's cat-allergic and can't come over to our house).

Friday, June 26, 2015: We checked out of the hotel, and Christine went for her last morning of work, and I headed off to see Jay and Hazel MillAr, en route to father-in-law's house. Given we haven't a clue where our GPS disappeared to, I was amazed I managed to drive over without getting lost (there are parts of Toronto I know a bit, but mostly I've no idea), wandering the further-west of St Clair and Runnymede. Hazel made muffins and Rose was barely contained, managing to run and run and eat and run. And they were kind enough to pass along a BookThug totebag! We spoke of poems and pianos, and children and baking.

After, we drove up to father-in-law's house, where she slept and she slept, and waited for Christine to return. We were a night there, before heading off to Woodstock, Ontario for some further adventures...

Thursday, July 02, 2015

12 or 20 (second series) questions with Julie Paul

Julie Paul has published two collections of short stories, The Jealousy Bone (Emdash, 2008), and The Pull of the Moon (Brindle & Glass, 2014—listed on The Globe and Mail’s Top 100 of 2014). Stories, poems and essays have appeared in many literary journals, including The Dalhousie Review, The Fiddlehead, Event, PRISM International, Grain and Canadian Literature. Julie has taught creative writing for beginners through Camosun College’s Continuing Ed department for many years, was part of the Malahat Fiction Editorial board for two years, and spent two years as one of the artistic directors of The Victoria Writers Festival. She lives in Victoria, BC and at www.juliepaul.ca.

1 - How did your first book change your life? How does your most recent work compare to your previous? How does it feel different?
I’ve published two books of short stories, and a bunch of poems in lit mags and anthologies, plus a few CNF pieces here and there. My first book was a real confirmation, a physical thing that made the passion tangible. My second book is further confirmation, and it’s reaching a wider audience because it’s with a bigger small press, and available as an e-book, too… so that feels different, and rather good. And even though six years separate their pub. dates, both are filled with character-driven stories about people struggling with change.

2 - How did you come to poetry first, as opposed to, say, fiction or non-fiction?
Although my two published books are collections of stories, I actually did begin writing with poetry, as a kid. The first time I even thought of writing as something I might want to do was when I won the Royal Canadian Legion’s Remembrance Day poetry contest. I was twelve, and my poem made someone cry.

I think a big influence on my creativity was pop music, when I was a teenager. I wrote lyrics from U2 and The Smiths on my pull-down blind, alongside Shakespeare and Roethke. But I also had a copy of 20th Century Poetics (2nd edition, I think), that belonged to my late uncle John, from his Queen’s University days, and a modern Can Lit course in high school that introduced me to poets such as Joy Kogawa, Tom Wayman, Margaret Atwood and so on.

3 - How long does it take to start any particular writing project? Does your writing initially come quickly, or is it a slow process? Do first drafts appear looking close to their final shape, or does your work come out of copious notes?
It does depend on the project, but most of my stories come quite quickly. Occasionally they come out close to the final draft, but more often, I whittle. I’ve written a novel too, and that needed notes, and charts on the wall. I don’t plan stories, though, not in their first drafts. I let the story come and then I go back in and shape. As for poems, I let the first drafts come quickly, all at once if possible.

4 - Where does a poem or work of fiction usually begin for you? Are you an author of short pieces that end up combining into a larger project, or are you working on a "book" from the very beginning?
With my story collections, I did not begin by saying, oh, now I’m writing a book of stories about jealousy or the sway of the moon. I wrote a bunch of stories and then said, oh, maybe I have enough for a collection. I tried writing a story about jealousy, once I realized that theme was running through a lot of stories for my first collection, and wow, what a disaster. I’m attempting to write some poems about a certain subject now, so we’ll see if that works or not.

5 - Are public readings part of or counter to your creative process? Are you the sort of writer who enjoys doing readings?

I do enjoy readings; they’re a chance to connect with people in a way that’s different from on the page, and they help to build community, which is a good thing to me. The Leo in me doesn’t mind a little spotlight from time to time, although the rest of me loves a quiet house with a notebook, pen and latte for company.

6 - Do you have any theoretical concerns behind your writing? What kinds of questions are you trying to answer with your work? What do you even think the current questions are?
No, no concerns, on a conscious level. I wait and see what my work says about my inner me… my stories and poems can be like postcards from my deeper self. Or not. They can also just be me, playing around. But in general I tend to return to questions around human nature: I like to explore our behaviour and quirks, and sometimes I ask questions in my work but don’t provide the answers.

7 – What do you see the current role of the writer being in larger culture? Does s/he even have one? What do you think the role of the writer should be?
This is something I try not to think about when writing, otherwise it makes my brain believe that it’s supposed to come up with something important, something politically or artistically necessary. I can’t really write with a monster of that sort breathing down my back. But the role of the writer, as with any artist, is to observe and absorb the world around her, and then, share it. 

8 - Do you find the process of working with an outside editor difficult or essential (or both)?
Editors of all types are important; the women in my critique group have helped me out so much, esp. helping me to get the prose the heck out of my poems (except in prose poems—they’re good with those). I’ve worked with some amazing mentors and editors, and their suggestions have really been pivotal. If you can excise some of your ego attachment from the work, then the process generally goes more smoothly. So, difficult, sometimes, and essential, yes. And I get my husband to read all my work—he tells it like it is, for which I am very grateful.

9 - What is the best piece of advice you've heard (not necessarily given to you directly)?
My parents have always been supportive of my writing, and also rather grounded in the realities of living in the real world, too (parenting four kids, for example). My father—a bass player—encouraged me to write, and also find to work that supports that art. It was great advice, and I became a registered massage therapist, writing all the while.  

10 - How easy has it been for you to move between genres (poetry to fiction to non-fiction)? What do you see as the appeal?
I’m a nomad and a neophile at heart, so having the liberty to move from fiction to poetry to CNF is really quite important for me. Easy, I’m not so sure. Going from stories to a novel was a challenging leap, and, well, the novel isn’t published yet…

11 - What kind of writing routine do you tend to keep, or do you even have one? How does a typical day (for you) begin?
I do try to write every day; one thing that helps this immensely is something I do with a couple of other writers that we call “writamins.” We email a word every day, taking turns, and then we all write using that word and then email what we’ve written back to each other. It’s all about accountability, not critiquing, and the new word is a place to jump in. I have two dedicated writing days a week now, so those are spent immersed in words—reading, writing, editing. If the house is empty, that’s where I am. If not, I go to a coffee shop with my notebook. I write all first drafts by hand.

12 - When your writing gets stalled, where do you turn or return for (for lack of a better word) inspiration?
Reading poetry always gets me going; Sharon Olds, in particular. For some reason her confessions spur me into doing some confessing of my own, whether in a real or fictional way. I think it’s her tone that does it. Also, walking. I think there’s a natural resistance inherent in the writing process; battling, when there’s time, against the idea of doing something more tangible, productive, etc. A walk breaks that resistance down, or maybe it’s the wind… in any case, when the muscles move, the mind often follows.

13 - What fragrance reminds you of home?
Birth home: Lilacs, French fries (we ran a takeout food joint every summer), lake breezes. West Coast home: creosoted logs on the beach, fir needles, good coffee.

14 - David W. McFadden once said that books come from books, but are there any other forms that influence your work, whether nature, music, science or visual art?

I’d say that books are first on my list, too, but photography often influences me, too, both taking photos and looking at others’ work, esp. archival photos. And I try to take at least one little writing retreat a year, away from the city, usually on the ocean, so yes to nature, too. And if people can be considered art forms, which they are, to me, then there’s another big influence. Others: being a mother. Being in the world.

15 - What other writers or writings are important for your work, or simply your life outside of your work?
As for other writers, the women in my two writing groups are very important; we’ve been meeting for many years, and in one, we write together, while the other is all about helpful critique and often prosecco. Everything I read is important, too, whether I realize it at the time or not. But a list? Alice Munro. George Saunders. Tony Hoagland. Lorrie Moore. Sharon Olds.

16 - What would you like to do that you haven't yet done?
I’ve travelled some, but I want to do much more, and live in other countries if possible. I love immersing myself in new cultures.

17 - If you could pick any other occupation to attempt, what would it be? Or, alternately, what do you think you would have ended up doing had you not been a writer?
I do have another occupation, as a massage therapist. This career has allowed me to be a writer, too, without as much pressure on making money from my art. In other words, it’s been my key to freedom.

18 - What made you write, as opposed to doing something else?
As a child, I was a lover of spelling bees and also a voracious reader. I think I just love words and what one is able to do with them. 

19 - What was the last great book you read? What was the last great film?

Books: Bark by Lorrie Moore. Tony Hoagland’s What Narcissism Means to Me. Alison Pick’s Between Gods.

Film: I’m no film buff, but maybe Whiplash for its intensity, a portrayal of both passion and self-absorption. 

20 - What are you currently working on?
I’m writing poems towards a collection, many of them about the village I grew up in, Lanark Village, in Eastern ON. Most deal with the construct of “home” in general and how we find it (or try to) in various ways/places. Also, more stories. Always, the stories seem to come. I’m glad of that.

12 or 20 (second series) questions;

Wednesday, July 01, 2015

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Today would have been my mother's seventy-fifth birthday,

Myself, with mum and my cousin Kim at 1293 Ridgemont.

Monday, June 29, 2015

12 or 20 (second series) questions with Travis Cebula and Sarah Suzor


Travis Cebula lives with his wife and trusty dogs in Colorado, where he writes, edits and teaches creative writing. He graduated from the MFA program at Naropa University in 2009—the same year he founded Shadow Mountain Press, a small press that focuses on hand-made editions of poetry chapbooks. His poetry, stories, essays, reviews, and photography have appeared internationally. He is the author of four full-length collections of poetry, including Ithaca, One Year in a Paper Cinema, and After the Fox with Sarah Suzor. You can find him in Paris every summer teaching with the Left Bank Writers Retreat.

Sarah Suzor's full-length collection of poetry, The Principle Agent, won the 2010 Hudson Prize and was published by Black Lawrence Press in 2011. She also has a collaboration After the Fox, which is co-authored with Travis Cebula (Black Lawrence Press, 2014). Her reviews and interviews can be found in Tarpaulin Sky and Rain Taxi, and she has recently guest blogged for the Best American Poetry series. She lives in Venice, California where she is a founding editor for Highway 101 Press, a correspondent for Omnidawn’s online magazine OmniVerse, and a guest lecturer for the Left Bank Writers Retreat in Paris.

1 - How did your first book or chapbook change your life? How does your most recent work compare to your previous? How does it feel different?

The difference between being a published author and not being one is absolutely everything and positively nothing. I went to a Buddhist school, so that doesn’t sound like complete nonsense to me. Or maybe it does. I adore that first book. Did it change me? Who knows. My first chapbook might have arrived at the perfect time, just as I was graduating from my MFA program. It was the result of a fellow alumnus’ efforts to start up a small press, as well as the result of my final portfolio for the best workshop I ever had. Even more importantly, the book may have given me a concrete touchstone that allowed for a smooth transition from the reality of being a student to the much more ephemeral existence of being just a writer in the world, or an author. A chapbook provides a vaguely defined life with a sense of possibility—a future bright with potential to keep one writing through a lot of rejection letters. Or it’s a doorstop. Or it’s a little pile of something to burn when the money runs out for heating bills. Or it’s a good reason to have a basement or to hang onto that old storage unit even after you’ve grown up and bought a house. A first book has value in social settings, too. You should see how friends’ eyes light up when I tell them they can buy my book online. Imagine my eyes when they don’t. In terms of relating this strange life to friends and family it could be impossible to overstate the value of having tangible results that testify to long hours of solitary effort. It’s a glimpse behind a closed door, if anyone cares to look. The first book was called Some Exits. That’s how many things started.

My first chapbook changed everything for me. EtherDome Chapbooks selected my manuscript It was the season, then. for publication in 2009. It was such a precious, precious moment. I still just love to look at the tiny book. Elizabeth Robinson and Colleen Lookingbill were the EtherDome editors at the time, and I just don’t think there’s ever enough hours in a day to express my appreciation for how much confidence that publication provided me. As I write and publish more, I actually find myself cycling back to that style of writing I used then. It was sparse and certainly insecure. Charming.

2 - How did you come to poetry first, as opposed to, say, fiction or non-fiction?

Poetry came to me through fiction, or a notion of fiction (I happen to consider even non- fictions “fictions”). Fiction came to me through poetry. I chose to concentrate my efforts into writing more poetic pieces simply because I love that poetry forces a reader to make implications. It feels less intrusive, and therefore more universal. More melodic, too. Often in stories, or a story of sorts, the only details I care about are the ones that can sing to me. And sing beautifully. Or, maybe it was just that Dr. Seuss and Shel Silverstein made me laugh, and then I memorized all the songs I heard on the radio, which are all poetry, too, and wanted to create something lasting from the material of language. A hope grew that something timeless and musical could come of all this. And so the threads of fiction wove their way into verse—because the best songs almost have a story somewhere in them. And if you ask William Carlos Williams, with whom I happen to agree with on a lot of things, the best stories have a poem somewhere in them. Or, I could just say that I’m a romantic in both the big and little “r” senses, and note that poetry was always the most direct writing route to that sensibility.

3 - How long does it take to start any particular writing project? Does your writing initially come quickly, or is it a slow process? Do first drafts appear looking close to their final shape, or does your work come out of copious notes?
The wind blew all of the dead leaves to one side of the pond overnight, and it wasn’t the side you’d expect. Somehow I got lucky enough to be born into a world chock full of stuff to write about. The key is always paying attention well enough to notice the details. Thus, the inception of a writing project can take as little time as it takes to finish a walk with my dog, see a street sign, or, in the case of the latest book, get an email from a friend inviting me to read with her in New York. Once the motives arrive—or the angels descend, or the martians, or the New York Times, or the crows, or the duende, or whatever floats a poet’s boat—the rest is only a matter of time. But I guess that’s the question. How much time? Poems tend to come in fits and starts for me. Or they don’t. They pile up by the tens over the course of a week. Or they don’t. In one case I finished the “generation” phase of a manuscript over the course of a stupefying span of six hours (96 poems). My right hand didn’t work for days. For After the Fox, the process was pretty typical, with the flurries of writing spread out over the course of a little over a year. At the same time, it might have been completely atypical. It’s hard to quantify typical when it comes to poetry. I tend to have 10-12 manuscripts in various stages of completion at any given time, all of which are completely different from each other. Some look nearly identical as they move from draft toward completion, like twins in pigtails and matching dresses, while others bear little resemblance whatsoever from before to after. Those instances when editing is minimal make the process feel deceptively simple, like one-to-one relationships and dictation. Nearly all the editing and sequencing takes place in the digital world. But the hand-written versions of my poems have usually been rewritten in my head several times before getting scratched down, and even then they are barely legible due to all the arrows, notes, and scribbles all over them. I’ve been told I have neat handwriting, but the end products of my notebooks are nearly inscrutable. Some of these go straight into the computer and then into a manuscript. One and done. There are also poems living inside my laptop that have been waiting years for resolution. They may or may not ever emerge from that digital cave. How long does it take? I guess a summarized answer would be something like this: the writing process goes quickly and the editing process goes slowly. Except when it doesn’t. A dare to write a little something for a reading in New York turned out to be a book four years later. So, there’s that. Part of the time in between had things happening. A lot didn’t.

Or there’s that wonderful moment when the book writes itself. When your life writes itself, when you don’t mind whether you’re walking through leaves, or snow or sand. That’s usually the only way I can come up with anything anyone would pay to read. I tend to sit back, and let the words spill. Eat them. Breathe them. There’s no timing to any of it, really. You know when you’re holding a golden ticket. And you know when you’re not.

4 - Where does a poem usually begin for you? Are you an author of short pieces that end up combining into a larger project, or are you working on a "book" from the very beginning?
I’m a booker. But, a book takes an idea, a good idea. A good idea takes a lot of sifting, writing, processing and understanding how you’d like to portray yourself to your readers next time around. That’s a lot to consider, but it’s always worth the time and energy. Always. But maybe, all of the pieces that fall from the mouths of Martians, angels, muses, or whoever while I’m out walking the dog, or running, or driving around town don’t necessarily belong to a sequence; but that’s an important role for me—to sort through and recognize how disparate aspects of experience fit together as a whole. I may always be thinking toward a book, but individual poems rarely get created in a specific order just for that purpose. The poems have lives of their own, and sometimes I have the privilege of being their conductor. Sometimes it takes a few of them, say ten or so, to make me recognize that there’s something organized happening. Other times, there’s a loose plan (a theme, a constraint, a story) in place from the get-go. That’s where the good ideas come into play.

5 - Are public readings part of or counter to your creative process? Are you the sort of writer who enjoys doing readings?
For someone who nearly threw up the first time I had to give a speech in junior high school, I certainly seem to do a lot of readings. I both love and loathe performing in public. It’s exhausting. It’s invigorating. At the best of times, it’s like being pilloried and pelted with the most delicious red velvet cupcakes you could possibly imagine. I’m flattered to have the opportunity to perform my work, in no small part because I get to hang out with other writers and friends afterwards—most of whom are way better at all of this than I am—but it does make me nervous as hell most of the time. That’s another thing having a book is good for. Performance jitters. A book has enough mass to it that it doesn’t rattle like a sheet of paper does when your hands are trembling. A book has the force of conviction (picture a southern preacher thumping a Bible in a revival tent), and it’s comforting to have work in hand that you know will perform well. It’s a nightmare when it betrays you. Life is about learning hard lessons. In the case of After the Fox, readings were and are very much part of the creative process. The manuscript started as an experiment, writing some new work for a reading at Poet’s House in New York. I wanted to read something new and special just to mark the occasion. So did my collaborator. That urge toward performance pervades the entire manuscript. Both of us continued to read portions of the book while it was being written. I think the performative aspects really help to underscore the dramatic content of the book. In some ways it’s like a script, and we both have roles to play. On the other hand, sometimes the roles get swapped. I becomes I. And vice versa. It can get confusing. Now there’s a reading tour. It might get easier to keep track of with time, or time might get easier to keep track of.

For me, the process of performing the work is essential, but exhausting. You’re a character, but you’re acting your own script. Over and over. However, there have been incredible moments at readings: the times when you know you are connecting with a person who you would have never otherwise encountered. I had the best compliment from an audience member once, she said, “After your reading, I see the world differently.” I could have died happily right then and there. That’s fuel for me. And that’s probably why I continue to write. I mean writing “can be” pretty narcissistic— imagining yourself holding something to say that someone else would want to hear. So readings are when all that combines, and you get to shine. You get to command. You get to see it all unfold. I like it. It’s tiring, but I really like it.

6 - Do you have any theoretical concerns behind your writing? What kinds of questions are you trying to answer with your work? What do you even think the current questions are?
Yes, I do. I have lots of theoretical concerns; writing (or any depiction of art) can turn into one life-long theoretical concern. I understand that, and am slightly weary of concentrating my efforts on any one theory, or having “theory” sway my books. My interests are more driven by the dichotomy of the human experience. We have loyalties, we have losses, we have fears and we have major, major loves. At some point, we also have to put all that aside and survive. And we do, or we die trying. It’s fascinating. Not dying, but the perseverance. I feel like that human tendency bleeds into many theoretical practices, or practices of theories.

But to the very last part of the question: “what do I think the current questions are?” I’d say, for art as a whole (art and all its theories, or theories of theories) the contemporary question lies within the contemporary artist pondering their place in this current social environment.  Where does art go from here? Where does meaning go from here? Because, as we know now, anything’s accessible in terms of “gaining access to,” so how do we differentiate what from what? Or, more importantly, do we even start differentiating anything?

Essentially, every project has its own theoretical concerns, and these are always evolving. Also, I’m leery of making theory the primary concern of any of my poetry. I just feel that poetry works best when it has a mix of the emotional, visceral, and cerebral too it. Purely “theoretical” poetry has a tendency to sway heavily towards the cerebral, which moves it away from a space where I feel poetry works best. That said, some theory is always good as a bit of the mix. I just don’t gamble the success or failure of a book on a reader being able to identify that I’m deliberately playing with the poetic field in a way that attempts to salvage poetry from paper pages in the burgeoning digital age. I’ve offered my work to some pretty astute readers and editors, and theory has never been the first place they’ve gone to with their reading. Ever. Even if a manuscript is dripping with it.

7 – What do you see the current role of the writer being in larger culture? Does s/he even have one? What do you think the role of the writer should be?
Well, to start with, I appreciate a good story or poem—and therefore see value in the person who shares it. I could quit there and call that good. The push I see right now is for writers to be witnesses—to spot wrongs and call people out on them—social problems, global warming, unjust wars, etc. I’m a little different from the norm. I take a wider view. I happen to think that writers are anachronisms, and that the role of a writer is to be the garbage heap of every discarded human vocation. Writers are the bards, the rhetoricians, the naturalists, the humanists, the keepers of oral history, the scribes, the town criers, the philosophers, the chroniclers, the clerks, the dramatists, the mystics, the hermits, the court jesters, the traveling minstrels, and the creators of epics. We keep, restore, and conserve all that we can see of the world—and it is our curse to see a lot that others don’t—all the bits that have ever been and are now gone, all that are now and will someday be gone. It is our curse to maintain a durable record of our little corner of the phenomenal universe and also to defend and renew the medium by which we maintain it—language. Language is deceptively fragile. So, stewardship and durability are the watchwords. This is plenty of “should” to keep any one person busy for several lifetimes. Within that broad scope, some writers will charge themselves with a more specific goal, such as the salvaging of the English language from patriarchy; or some other worthy ethical mission, such as establishing social justice or ending war. A pastime that tiptoes along the precipice of self-indulgence often benefits from regular injections of ethical drive. I firmly believe that human beings have emotional connections with the each other and with the world at large, and that these connections exist at a very elemental level—the level of minutiae, if you will. For my projects I focus on the little things, the details that people often overlook, but that build into an understanding of a wider world. I believe in creating and fostering empathy. There is pressure in particulars. A human moment of frailty. A first kiss where teeth bump. A maple cracked by wind. A magpie with a candy wrapper. One scratch on a beer can by the road. The winter light on a doorway. How a triangle of shadow kills it. Or maybe I do the opposite and wander off into abstraction. Or I just see where the writing takes me. In the end, regardless of what I attempt, the reader has to contribute. It’s up to the reader to provide some meaning and purpose to the enterprise. It’s up to them to “do something” with what the writer has created, otherwise the enterprise is doomed to be solipsistic, regardless of motive. Or, if you prefer a simple answer, writers are writers because writing is cheaper than therapy. Take your pick.

I pick “language is deceptively fragile.” What a statement: one of our major forms of communication is flawed in its vulnerability. It is, perhaps, more human than humans. I just want to think about that for four hours. Or a lifetime. But, that says a lot about the role of writer, and I’d dare to venture a thought that maybe we writers are the preservers of Language (a Language). Judgments like “good” or “bad” are nothing that gets to enter this sphere, but we can take this vulnerable, accessible thing and turn it into whatever we’d like: a new opinion, a new perspective, or an ode to the past. That’s a powerful thought, and with that I come to my own conclusion that even is there isn’t a defined role for writers anymore, that doesn’t matters to me, because that role would have nothing to do with why I write. 

8 - Do you find the process of working with an outside editor difficult or essential (or both)?
Both sometimes, essential always.  Choosing an editor or an editorial staff to work with is like picking your friends. Do so wisely. I have had the pleasure of encountering very little editorial difficulties in terms of arguing my work’s case, but editors are people who should be looking out for your best interests as a writer, and in turn, their best interests are also at stake. At the end of the day yours is the product they are promoting. You are in charge of the product. They are in charge of whom they choose to promote. It’s no frequent gift. It’s also as variable as the angles of sunlight off snow on a winter afternoon. Editors are human, after all. Writers need different things at different times. Sometimes just a boost in the form of an acceptance letter is enough to keep writing, and sometimes writing is all you need. Other times promotional support and advocacy for a project are key. Other times, a manuscript or poem needs to be dismantled word by word and rebuilt. Rarely will one editor be able to collaborate with a writer on all of these at once, so over time you build up relationships with people and, ideally, the manuscript gets the attention it needs when it needs it.

9 - What is the best piece of advice you've heard (not necessarily given to you directly)?
A clown professor in Paris told me to “breathe.” That’s been working out so far. Or the best advice might actually have been (about poetry in particular): “Nobody’s selling out, because nobody’s buying,” from Paul Vangelisti.

10 - How easy has it been for you to move between genres (collaboration to solo work)? What do you see as the appeal?
Collaborating is the easiest thing I’ve ever experienced as a writer. There are many reasons for this, the most fantastic of which is that I don’t have to come up with every idea on my own. I have a partner who I can use to generate ideas off of or from. It’s also refreshing to see what my partner will do with my ideas, how they’ll twist and turn under someone else’s control. Our new book, After the Fox just came out from Black Lawrence Press in September. We wrote that book so quickly together. There were periods of time where I had to step away from “responding” because just thinking about what I was going to write back would seriously consume me. For me, the key to a successful collaborative effort is one where both writers completely let the process generate; they put their egos aside; they don’t become competitive; when one is losing the steam, the other picks up the pace. It’s like any positive relationship: the spotlight isn’t the goal; the unity is goal, the harmony.

Then there’s the inescapable fact that all of poetry is collaborative, whether we want it to be or not. As writers, we are continually faced with relinquishing the illusion of exquisite control that we continually nurture while creating poems. Every time a work gets submitted, handled by an editor, or—and this is most important—engaged by a reader, we lose control of what we have created. There’s no telling what will come out of that engagement. It is always collaboration insofar as there are at least two agents always dictating the results, and they don’t always know what the other’s intentions are. Keeping conscious of this reality is a perfect mindset for traditional collaboration, in the sense of creation and generation of new material. In the perfect circumstances both participants can let go of their usual control and just let the work flow through them, in the process contributing to something that neither one would have been able to create on their own, in part or in whole.

11 - What kind of writing routine do you tend to keep, or do you even have one? How does a typical day (for you) begin?
Darkness. Or maybe it’s just that my eyes are closed. My typical day starts with the alarm going off, and me hitting it with something. Usually my hand. Or maybe it starts with a dog climbing on my legs, or jumping (I hope accidentally) up and down on my groin. Or maybe my wife smacks the snooze button for the greater good and I get up to start the coffee. Maybe I make a smoothie. Maybe I make up a sack lunch. It’s hard to say, depending the way the day goes. Once the rest of the family is taken care of I usually have some time to write a new poem if I have something to write about. Or I usually respond to emails. Or write a review. Or submit some work to presses or journals. Or work out. Or put on some laundry. Or work on a syllabus. Or get to class to teach. Or jot down some lecture notes. Or take the dogs for a walk. Or sew chapbooks. Or maybe there just isn’t as much time for writing as I thought. In any case, morning and afternoon are almost always filled with either writing or not writing. But one of the nice things about being a poet is that you can even fit a bit of it in between delivering babies if you have to. Just ask William Carlos Williams. It’s important to keep perspective. Wandering through the produce section of a grocery store actually seems serene compared to a delivery room, so why not write? It’s also the nature of poetry that sometimes it flat refuses to be put on a back burner. Sometimes it’s a choice between writing a poem down and becoming a person who’s impossible to live with. Sometimes it all has to wait. Sometimes a collaborator calls and you really need to answer, to write the poem down even if the toast’s getting cold. And I hate cold toast unless it’s rye. But there it is. Traveling is good space, too—like a reading tour—because it provides some breathing room from most of the essential demands of life and work that tend to expand to fill all of the available time. Maybe I’m always writing and don’t even notice. Maybe I used to be a chef and still spend a lot of time collecting ingredients for when I have time to cook. Or maybe…
the answer exists in light, in a new day, in the simple feeling of a/the new opportunity to practice. I love to practice. I know this is rather cliché, but my friends tease me about the message they will put on my headstone, which is, “While you see a chance, take it.” I have no fixed writing routine, other than I can only allow myself so much time in a day to write creatively. Otherwise, it will consume my darkness and light. Meanwhile, a day consists of carrying on with responsibilities (sigh), but all the while collecting images, words and ideas for that one moment I see a chance to take time to practice.

12 - When your writing gets stalled, where do you turn or return for (for lack of a better word) inspiration?
Inspiration. Hmmm. This is the thing: my writing process is rarely stalled. I can usually practice the art of writing daily without encountering any trouble. However, it sometimes takes days and days of writing somewhat poor material until there is actually one or two lines worth keeping and working with. I tend to borrow from the world, nature, the news, or the vocabulary I observe people using. I use things that I encounter on a daily basis. If other readers can relate to some of those ideas: the manuscript is usually a success, if other readers can’t relate to some of those ideas: the manuscript usually collects a lifetime of dust on my shelf. Sometimes that old manuscript can lead to new work. A form gets borrowed or a minor theme gets explored in a new way.

But, attention is always the best cure for writer’s block. If you feel like you don’t have anything to write about, you’re probably just not paying attention to the world. There is a LOT out there. And in there. Pretty much everything has a poem in it—which is to say there’s pretty much always something miraculous in the seemingly mundane if you’re willing to look closely enough. And it doesn’t necessarily take that much time… A poem is a beautifully concise creature, and can grow out of very small inspiration and then blossom magnificently in the company of others like it within a longer manuscript. It really doesn’t take that much to get a poem started. Just write it. You can always decide later if it has anything truly important to say or not.

13 - What fragrance reminds you of home?
My beloved has said to me on more than one occasion that home is wherever I am, and I share the sentiment. Home for me is more portable, that way, and maybe it smells like her hair fanned across a pillow. Maybe throw in a hint of sautéing onion and garlic, in the background, maybe some dry leaves, plum blossoms, or wet dog. Maybe it’s the smell of an old book or the sky just before rain. Maybe it’s a season, too. Like pine smoke in winter or cordite on the fourth of July. If you’re looking, you can smell home anywhere.

Nostalgia. I adore that concept. Home smells like memories smell. Like anything that enters your nose only to locate your heart in a specific moment and a specific place. And retrospect. Home smells like retrospect, like going back to those memories only to find yourself centrally located in the present.

14 - David W. McFadden once said that books come from books, but are there any other forms that influence your work, whether nature, music, science or visual art?
Every form of expression makes its way into my writing. I can find inspiration in anything from religious proverbs to Vincent Van Gogh to the lyrics from the newest pop song. Expression, and the way we identify with those who take a chance expressing themselves, is thoroughly important to me. I don’t care if it repulses me, or it attracts me, expression is embodied human psyche. And I love that. I don’t even care if one is portraying a lie. Again, it’s fascinating.

Additionally, and maybe more existentially, it’s hard to understand who’s going to believe what as truth. We’ve seen this throughout the history. We’ve experienced this through society’s ideologies, its expectations. It’s very hard to understand who will become victim to what based on their ideas of “truth.” Basically, it’s all about where one finds their sense of “identification.” So, for me, I follow anything I identify with, I gain inspiration from anything I question. Books included. Lots and lots of books.

And I’m a curious and eclectic person. So it’s hard for me to single out any form of expression that doesn’t make it into my work at one point or another. Just by virtue of attending to music, film, visual art, nature, science, people, etc. all of those influences make their way into my subconscious and work their way out through poetry, whether I’m aware of it or not. So a reference to Billy Wilder can coexist in an objectivist poem happily alongside quantum mechanics and a few observations on the beginnings of love between two people sitting at a café table over a single cup of espresso, just like an Edward Hopper painting described by Tom Waits—because all of these coexist happily, side by side, within me, all the time.

15 - What other writers or writings are important for your work, or simply your life outside of your work?
This could be the shortest and most boring answer to a serious question, ever. Everything. I’ve been around long enough now to have discerned that all the books I’ve ever read, and every song I’ve ever heard, and every movie I’ve ever seen, and every place I’ve ever been, and every person I’ve ever know all have some sort of impact on my writing. They all show up at one time or another as an influence in a poem—from listening to Buddy Holly on an AM radio in the top of an apple tree to my wife showing me the switchblade in her pocket on our first date. It’s all there. To single out one as integral would mean that another was excluded in some way from influence, and that seems both inaccurate and unfair. For example, if you asked me six years ago if I felt Gertrude Stein had influenced my writing, I would have said “no” without hesitation. Asked the same question today, I would say “yes” with even greater conviction. Now ask me how much my writing has changed. As a young reader, though, I had some revelatory moments, ranging from Cummings to Niedecker to Eliot to Rimbaud to Williams to HD to Loy to Joyce to Oppen to Barnes to… You get the picture. More recently I tend to get blown away by contemporary writers, especially my collaborator. There are poets out there who can send you straight to the computer to write your face off or make you feel like you’ll never be able to write again. Some do both. Elizabeth Robinson. Dan Beachy-Quick. Sasha Steensen. Hoa Nguyen. James Belflower. Joshua Marie Wilkinson. Andrew Zawacki. Dorothea Lasky. Mathias Svalina. Michelle Taransky. Joe Hall. Eric Baus. I could go on and on… And all of my friends not listed above, who are nearly all writers of one stripe or another. It would be impossible for me to do what I do without them. Outside of work I love a good novel. Or maybe that’s important for my work, too. Outside. Or vice versa.

I see my best influences coming from books that I set down after reading and think: I want my readers to feel like I do right now. All of the poets listed above are great examples. I also love Laura Moriarty’s work. I adore Paul Vangelisti’s work, as not only a writer, but as a publisher, translator and editor. I’m equally impressed with his work ethic, or his ability to consistently contribute to poetry.

16 - What would you like to do that you haven't yet done?
Speaking in terms of writing: I would love to do a writing residency somewhere. I work at one: the Left Bank Writers Retreat in Paris, France, but I’ve never taken the time to experience one for myself. I’d also like to try my hand at a writing a memoir, or as close as I could get to one of those. Speaking in terms of life: be a mom (maybe), learn how to cook (kind of), and taste every Malbec Argentina has to offer (definitely). Additionally, I’d like to keep traveling and see the world while the world’s still there to be seen. I’d like to write a poem about Shanghai at the foot of a mountain in Patagonia. And vice versa.

17 - If you could pick any other occupation to attempt, what would it be? Or, alternately, what do you think you would have ended up doing had you not been a writer?
After several abortive attempts at careers and way more education than I have a right to, I’ve finally found a vocation that encourages, challenges, batters, delights, and fulfills me as the odd human I am. I don’t like to mess with that by trying to better-deal it. Without writing, I’d probably still be a chef and spending a lot more time with knives and making highly elaborate descriptions of dishes on menus to entertain myself.

Or I might have ended up as a clown professor.

18 - What made you write, as opposed to doing something else?
I was always writing, even at very young age. I thought I’d turn into some hot-shot journalist. Then I did, and ended up writing about $2,000 light bulbs, and other completely unnecessary luxury items. So, I shifted my attention to the more creative sphere. I took a major chance. It worked. I figured out that I really wanted to contribute to something more than (what I felt was like was) advertising.

But also, for me the easy answer to questions like these is always that I love to read, or I love to eat, or I love to learn. If you value something deeply, it’s not much of a stretch to want to bring more of it into the world. Thus, people become writers, chefs, and teachers.

19 - What was the last great book you read? What was the last great film?
One of my best and oldest friends happens to be both a film critic and a manager at a local theater. He has a lot of freedom with its creative programming. One result of said freedom is that I found myself alone with this friend in a giant theater one morning a few weeks ago, eagerly anticipating a private screening of Near Dark on 35mm. Near Dark is Kathryn Bigelow’s second feature-length film, possibly the coolest movie ever made about Cramps-listening, Winnebago-driving vampires in Oklahoma, and also it’s a film that both my friend and I had basically worn out on VHS back in high school, but had never gotten to see in the theater. It was a little bit of magic that took 27 years and a lot of water under the bridge to deliver. In contrast, good books seem to come along all the time—which is one of the best perks of being a writer and a social human. Namely, you get to hear about a lot of good books, a lot of which are by friends. Some aren’t. I recently read Haruki Murakami’s Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage, which was quite personally meaningful but not a book I would necessarily qualify as “great” in any objective sense. However, it did lead me to one of his earlier novels, Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World, which is bizarre and lyrical in all the right ways, and therefore great. I can’t claim Haruki as a friend, but I think I would like him. On the other hand, as far as poetry is concerned, my friend Mathias Svalina’s new book, Wastoid, has been traveling everywhere with me. It’s not alone—

Jack Spicer’s My Vocabulary Did This To Me is always my last book, I’ve read it countless times, and I pick it up every time I’m looking to do something new, or hoping to find a different direction for my work, or my head, or both. Even if I have it somewhat memorized at this point, there’s always something I can find that will blow my mind. And I don’t really watch films, or TV, or go the theater, simply because I spend enough time sitting still, typing on my computer, so I am N/A in the “film” part of this answer. However, I have seen so many wonderful art exhibits and exhibitions lately. Those feel a bit like films to me; walking around the Musee D’Orsay surrounded by rare Van Gogh paintings; my imagination makes that experience a screenplay in itself.

20 - What are you currently working on?
I’m in the process of condensing a new poetry manuscript called (tentatively) The Lavender Conversations, or The Human Condition, or The Blood Sport—it’s had about four hundred different titles. It’s a book that’s taken a great deal of re-writing and re-working, and thankfully, there’s not a huge rush to throw it together. Personally, I could hole-up and write my life away in a dark room forever, but that’s bizarre. So, I try to give my work time and room to breathe. There are always other projects; we’re working on a sequel to After the Fox. I’m piecing together interviews with contemporary writers. I want to start a new press. The “process” never ends.

Or it does. But it ends and starts again with a frequency great enough to provide the illusion of continuity, like the flickering of a film. Poems and manuscripts go by, one after another, day by day:  After the Fox, The Sublimation of Frederick Eckert, Tender, Dangerous Things to Please a Girl, 28 Child Size Life Jackets, These Dreams Were Nests for Something Time Dragged Away, Selected Perspectives on Drowning. Flash. Flash. Flash.

Poems go by at 24 frames per second and eventually become the visual flow of a life’s work. Hopefully.

12 or 20 (second series) questions;